Gaddafi, born in 1942, celebrated on 01 September 2010, 41 years in power as the Arab world's longest-serving, but most enigmatic head of state. He formed in 1963 the Free Officers Movement, a group of revolutionary army officers, which overthrew 01 September 1969 King Idris of Libya and proclaimed Libya, in the name of 'freedom, socialism and unity,' Socialist People's Jamahiriya.
Post 1969 picture of Libyan Head of State Colonel Muammar Gaddafi ((AFP/Getty Images)
Post 1969 picture of Libyan Head of State Colonel Muammar Gaddafi (L) shaking hands in Tripoli with the President of Mauritania (1961-78), Mokhtar Ould Daddah (AFP/Getty Images)
Libyan Head of State Colonel Muammar Gaddafi (L) and Egyptian President Gamal Abdul Nasser (R, 1918-70) arrive together in December 1969 in Rabat prior the Arab Summit Conference (AFP/Getty Images).
President of Uganda Idi Amin Dada (2nd-L) poses with some of the Organization of African Unity (OUA, from left) Syrian President Hafez al-Assad, Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat and Lybian leader Muammar Kadhafi in June 1972 in Kampala during an OUA summit. Idi Amin's reign of terror lasted from 1971 when he seized power from Milton Obote, to 13 April 1979, when Tanzanian troops and exiled Ugandans stormed Kampala and removed him from power (AFP/Getty Images).